Internet Structure and Design

Here is a list of phrases associated with the shape and layout of the Internet.


The acronym stands for Advanced Research Projects Agency Network. ARPA of the US Department of Defense developed ARPANET, which became the sector’s first packet-switching network. The Internet is the successor of ARPANET.

Internet Service Provider

A company that presents customers with admission to the Internet is called an Internet provider, or the Internet gets entry to an issuer. As it is called, ISP offers e-mail bills and other offerings like the remote garage of documents to its clients.

OSI Model

The Open System Interconnection Model describes a community’s layered verbal exchange and network protocol layout. It consists of seven layers, each performing positive functions and giving the layers above it with a few offerings.

Internet Protocol Suite

Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP) were the two pioneering protocols to be brought in the Internet protocol preferred. It is a fast communication protocol that can be used for the Internet. The Internet protocol suite comprises hard and fast layers wherein each layer offers a service to the top layers in the set. The top layers deal with abstract statistics even as the lower layer protocols translate facts into physically transmittable forms.



Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) is a records link protocol that helps the status quo of an immediate connection between two nodes in a community.

IP Address

You would possibly need to understand the way to locate your IP address. It is a way of numerically figuring out an entity on a computer community. The authentic addressing gadget known as IPv4 uses 32-bit addresses. With the Internet boom, IPv6 came to be used, in which the lessons are composed of 128 bits.

MAC Address

Media Access Control deals with (MAC) the physical hexadecimal cope assigned to each device on a network.

Domain Name System

As it is known, DNS refers to the hierarchical naming machine used for computers, sources, and offerings on the Internet. It interprets the computer hostnames into IP addresses. By implementing DNS, the domain called ‘www.Buzzle.Com’ translates to its IP cope with 208.70.178.One hundred fifty. With the assistance of DNS, domain names can be assigned to Internet users.


This period, coined by William Gibson, is used to consult PC networks connected to each other and the content they host. It is frequently used to consult the Internet.


Sir Tim Berners-Lee, a British scientist operating at CERN, created the World Wide Web. It is a set of interlinked files which might be accessible over the Internet. It consists of thousands of web pages comprising textual content, pictures, voice, and videos.


The acronym used for the World Wide Web Consortium develops requirements for the Internet community.


An internet site is hard and fast of net pages including text, audio, and video. Web servers host websites.


It specifies the place of aid on the Internet. It includes the primary address and direction.

Web Page

Web pages are resources of records. They are commonly created within the HTML format and provide the net customers with navigational competencies through links to other pages on the Internet.

Home Page

The period domestic page refers to the web page that is the default page of any Internet site. It is the principal page of a complicated website.

Proxy Server

Client machines on a community connect with the proxy server, which forwards the patron requests to different servers and returns responses to the clients.

Web Server

A network server is a PC application that accepts HTTP requests from web customers and presents them with HTTP responses.

Web Browser

An internet browser is a software program utility that allows user interaction with the textual content, audio, video, and other records placed on the web.


Web browsers maintain a cache of recently visited internet pages. Some use an outside proxy internet cache, a server program through which web requests skip. This allows the browsers to cache often-visited pages. Search engines like Google and Yahoo have indexed net pages through their caches.


Hypertext Transfer Protocol, abbreviated as HTTP, is a communications protocol to switch information over the Internet. A customer requests an HTTP to use an internet browser, to which an HTTP reaction is despatched from the server.

Web Cookie

Also known as an HTTP cookie, it’s a miles piece of text exchanged between the internet customer and the network server. It is sent using the internet server to the web client and lowers back unchanged by the patron whenever it accesses the server.