The Ultimate Glossary of the Basic Internet Terms and Terminology

Internet Structure and Design
Here is a list of phrases associated with the shape and layout of the Internet.
ARPANET
The acronym stands for Advanced Research Projects Agency Network. ARPA of the US Department of Defense developed ARPANET, which became the sector’s first packet switching network. The Internet is the successor of ARPANET.
Internet Service Provider
A company, which presents customers with getting admission to the Internet, is called an Internet provider or the Internet gets entry to an issuer. ISP, as it is called, offers e-mail bills and other offerings like the remote garage of documents, to its clients.
OSI Model
The Open System Interconnection Model is used to describe a layered verbal exchange and network protocol layout of a community. It consists of seven layers, every of which performs positive functions and gives the layers above it with a few offerings.
Internet Protocol Suite
It is a hard and fast of communication protocols, which can be used for the Internet. Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP) had been the 2 pioneering protocols to be brought in the Internet protocol preferred. The Internet protocol suite is composed of a hard and fast of layers wherein each layer offers a service to the top layers in the set. The top layers deal with abstract statistics even as the lower layer protocols translate facts into physically transmittable forms.
PPP
Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) is a records link protocol that helps the status quo of an immediate connection between two nodes in a community.
IP Address
It is a way of numerically figuring out an entity on a computer community. The authentic addressing gadget known as IPv4 used 32-bit addresses. With the boom of the Internet, IPv6 came to be used in which the addresses are composed of 128 bits.
You would possibly need to understand the way to locate your IP address.
MAC Address
Media Access Control deal with (MAC) is the physical hexadecimal cope with assigned to each device on a network.
Domain Name System

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DNS, as it is known as, refers to the hierarchical naming machine used for computers, sources, and offerings on the Internet. It interprets the computer hostnames to IP addresses. By way of the implementation of DNS, the domain call ‘www.Buzzle.Com’ translates to its IP cope with, say, 208.70.178.One hundred fifty. With the assist of DNS, domain names can be assigned to Internet users.
Cyberspace
This time period coined by way of William Gibson is used to consult PC networks connected to each different and the content they host. It is frequently used to consult the Internet.
WWW
It is a set of interlinked files which might be accessible over the Internet. It consists of thousands and thousands of web pages that comprise textual content, pictures, voice, and videos. Sir Tim Berners-Lee, a British scientist operating at CERN, created the World Wide Web.
W3C
It is the acronym used for the World Wide Web Consortium, which develops requirements for the internet community.
Website
An internet site is a hard and fast of net pages including text, audio, and video. Web servers host websites.
URL
It specifies the place of an aid on the Internet. It includes the primary address and direction.
Web Page
Web pages are resources of records. They are commonly created within the HTML format and provide the net customers with navigational competencies thru links to other pages on the Internet.
Home Page
The time period domestic page is used to refer to the web page that is the default page of any Internet site. It is the principle page of a complicated website.
Proxy Server
Client machines on a community connect with the proxy server, which forwards the patron requests to different servers and returns responses to the clients.
Web Server
A network server is a PC application that accepts HTTP requests from web customers and presents them with HTTP responses.
Web Browser
An internet browser is a software program utility that allows user interaction with the textual content, audio, video and other records that are placed on the web.
Cache
Web browsers maintain a cache of lately visited internet pages. Some of them use an outside proxy internet cache, which is a server program thru which web requests skip. This allows the browsers to cache often visited pages. Even search engines like google and yahoo make to be had already indexed net pages thru their caches.
HTTP
Hypertext Transfer Protocol, abbreviated as HTTP, is a communications protocol used for the switch of information over the Internet. A customer makes an HTTP request the usage of an internet browser to which an HTTP reaction is despatched from the server.
Web Cookie
Also known as an HTTP cookie, it’s miles piece of text that is exchanged between the internet customer and the network server. It is sent by means of the internet server to the web client and lowers back unchanged by the patron on every occasion it accesses the server.

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