• Ramakrishnan Upadhyay
  • Tribune News Service
  • Chandigarh, June 17

Taking similar steps for streamlining the issuing transfer certificates of belongings, the Estate Office has directed bureaucrats that they may no longer raise objections and factor out deficiencies in piecemeal to proprietors. The Assistant Estate Officer has recently issued an order in this regard. The order says in place of sending notices piecemeal, the in-price worried will tell the applicant regarding the shortcomings in one move. The order says: “It has been found that the letters intimating objections and deficiencies in piecemeal are sent to candidates for in search of documents from them by using branches for the switch of residences. It is hereby ordered that every one of the required documents or deficiencies be known to candidates in a single cross or through most two letters so the method may acquire finality in time. All dealing with price must convey this to the notice of all those working below their supervision” Sources stated the order was issued after it became determined that applicants had been going through harassment at the hands of the babes as they dispatched notices one at a time; as a result, delaying the technique of issuing transfer certificate of property.

File motion minimized

The Assistant Estate Officer (AEO) has also delegated many of his powers at the lower level to make the procedure of disposal of documents faster. Sources said within the order; the officer had issued directions associated with eleven works in which documents can be dealt with the department in-rate stage. The order stated the instances together with reminders and DFAs of cases already approved by way of the ready authority must now not be despatched to the AEO. One of the Estate Office officers stated it had been discovered that all documents had been commonly sent to the AEO, which was not on time in the system.


The Four Types of Intellectual Property

If you own a commercial enterprise or are thinking about starting a brand new business, you ought to get yourself up to speed with what is called intellectual assets. Intellectual property is a word used to explain positive prison rights that people may additionally hold over “creations of the mind,” including works of artwork, writing, inventions, designs, music, or choreography. There are four major types of highbrow belongings — copyrights, patents, trade secrets, and trademarks.



A copyright is a shape in intellectual belongings that protects the unique authors of each published and unpublished creations. The rights of authorship for those works continue to be solely the possessions of the originator for a unique time frame under copyright law. Once the time period has elapsed, then these works are open to others for copy and republication. Copyrights are registered thru the U.S. Copyright Office. Copyrights filed in or after 1978 will ultimate for the whole thing of the writer’s life plus 70 years after their loss of life.


Patents are prison belongings rights implemented to inventions (in preference to works of any artwork or literacy). They have to be dispensed with the aid of the USA Patent and Trademark Office. Typically, patients practice such objects as strategies, machines, manufacturing designs, organic discoveries, or “compositions of the count.” Like copyrights, patents are available to the inventors for handiest a positive period of time earlier than they expire. Patients are generally ultimate for 20 years after the date on which the patent software is filed.

Trade Secrets

Trade secrets and techniques are practices, designs, formulation, methods, recipes, or thoughts used by an employer that permits it to benefit leverage in its enterprise. Typically, exchange secrets and techniques are saved hidden with the aid of one’s personal method, in place of being covered thru authorities’ policies along with patents or copyrights. An instance of self-safety normally used with trade secrets is locking the pertinent records away in a financial institution vault. Since change secrets and techniques lack criminal safety, as soon as they are leaked to the general public, they’re to be had for use with the aid of each person.


Trademarks encompass any words, phrases, symbols, logos, designs, or gadgets used in association with a particular emblem or desirable a good way distinguish it from different merchandise of that industry. Trademarks are used for identity functions and are legally protected once registered with the United States Patent and Trademark Office.