• Ramakrishnan Upadhyay
  • Tribune News Service
  • Chandigarh, June 17

Taking similar steps for streamlining the issuing of transfer certificates of belongings, the Estate Office has directed bureaucrats that they may no longer raise objections and factor out deficiencies piecemeal to proprietors. The Assistant Estate Officer has recently issued an order in this regard. The order says that instead of sending notices piecemeal, the in-price worried will tell the applicant about the shortcomings in one move. The order states: “It has been found that the letters intimating objections and deficiencies in piecemeal are sent to candidates in search of documents from them by using branches to switch residences. It is now ordered that all required documents or deficiencies be known to candidates in a single cross or through most two letters so the method may acquire finality in time. All dealing with price must convey this to the notice of all those working below their supervision.” Sources stated the order was issued after it became determined that applicants had been going through harassment at the hands of the babes as they dispatched notices one at a time; as a result, delaying the technique of issuing transfer certificate of property.

File motion minimized

The Assistant Estate Officer (AEO) has also delegated many of his powers at the lower level to make the procedure of disposal of documents faster. Sources said within the order that the officer had issued directions associated with eleven works in which documents can be dealt with by the department in-rate stage. The ruling stated that the instances, reminders, and DFAs of cases already approved by the ready authority must not be despatched to the AEO. One of the Estate Office officers stated it had been discovered that all documents had been commonly sent to the AEO, which was not on time in the system.


The Four Types of Intellectual Property

If you own a commercial enterprise or are considering starting a brand new business, you ought to get yourself up to speed with intellectual assets. Intellectual property is a word used to explain positive prison rights that people may additionally hold over “creations of the mind,” including works of artwork, writing, inventions, designs, music, or choreography. Four major types of highbrow belongings exist: copyrights, patents, trade secrets, and trademarks.



A copyright is a shape in intellectual belongings that protects the unique authors of each published and unpublished creation. The rights of authorship for those works continue to be solely the possessions of the originator for a special time frame under copyright law. Once the period has elapsed, these works are open to others for copy and republication. Copyrights are registered through the U.S. Copyright Office. Copyrights filed in or after 1978 will ultimate for the whole thing of the writer’s life plus 70 years after their loss of life.


Patents are prison belongings rights implemented to inventions (in preference to works of any artwork or literacy). They have to be dispensed with the aid of the USA Patent and Trademark Office. Typically, patients practice such objects as strategies, machines, manufacturing designs, organic discoveries, or “compositions of the count.” Like copyrights, patents are available to the inventors for a positive period before they expire. Patients are generally treated for 20 years after the date on which the patent software is filed.

Trade Secrets

Trade secrets and techniques are practices, designs, formulations, methods, recipes, or thoughts an employer uses that permit it to benefit leverage in its enterprise. Typically, exchange secrets and techniques are saved and hidden with one’s method instead of being covered through authorities’ policies, patents, or copyrights. An instance of self-safety normally used with trade secrets is locking the pertinent records in a financial institution vault. Since change secrets and techniques lack criminal safety, as soon as they are leaked to the general public, they’re to be used with each person’s aid.


Trademarks encompass any words, phrases, symbols, logos, designs, or gadgets used in association with a particular emblem or desirable a good way to distinguish it from different industry merchandise. Trademarks are used for identity functions and are legally protected once registered with the United States Patent and Trademark Office.