Although we generally tend to take them with no consideration, stairs can have a distinctly big impact on the look and feel of our houses. An attractive, properly designed staircase can boost the whole property, including instantaneous appeal or even growing its resale cost. Shabby stairs, then again, are probably to have the other effect. But how do you move about making plans for a new staircase? Follow those easy steps:

1. Measure the height

Before ordering your stairs, you need to decide how a good deal space is available. Start by finding out the floor-to-floor top. This involves measuring from the pinnacle of the completed lower floor to the top of the finished higher ground. The time period ‘completed floor,’ using the way, refers back to the surface you walk on and includes any floor-protecting together with carpet or laminate. Once the staircase producer has this information, they can work out how many steps are needed to create properly-proportioned stairs that follow UK constructing regulations.

2. Measure the width

Having installed the height, you presently need to find out the width. This incorporates the full measurement across the strings and steps combined. (Strings, also known as stringers, are structural supporting forums running along each side of the staircase.) Unless you are designing a house from scratch, the width of the stairs could be decided by way of the modern-day area to be had. If you have any preference, pass for the widest steps a good way to healthy. A broad staircase is more secure, less difficult to apply, and extra realistic, particularly in large family houses. While there may be no legal minimum width within the UK, the same old parent is 860mm, so attempt not to make your stairs narrower than that.

3. Straight or winding?

As for the format of the staircase, a single immediate flight of stairs is the very best and most not pricey option, as long as you have got sufficient ground area. L-fashioned and U-formed stairs that twist lower back on themselves are broadly considered to appearance greater appealing. However, they tend to be greater complex and, consequently, more high priced.

To create a turn inside the staircase so it can change direction, you’ll need winter treads or a landing – or an aggregate of both. Winter is a kite-formed or triangular tread that is used to create a turn in an, in any other case, immediate staircase.

choosing a floor

A touchdown is an intermediate platform set among ground levels to sign up for flights of stairs together. It might include a quarter landing (the width of an unmarried flight of stairs) which makes a ninety-degree flip in the staircase, or half of the landing (the width of flights of stairs), which creates a flip of a hundred and eighty ranges, giving a U form.

4. Treads and risers – open or closed?

The steps are made of threads – the component that you stroll on – and risers – vertical forums that form the face of every step. Risers can be open (with gaps among the threads) or closed (encased with stable boards). Open risers are specifically popular in contemporary houses as they grow the float of light. However, young kids and elderly citizens may find them a little difficult.


Many humans like to add one or two feature steps at the foot of the stairs for additional effect. Various combinations are to be had, including single or double D give-up shapes and more softly rounded bullnose steps.

5. String fashion

The strings, or stringers, can be closed or open. A closed – also called stable – string runs up each side of the staircase and completely envelops the treads and risers, concealing the brink of the steps from view. An open or cut string has the higher facet machined away so that the outline of the steps is seen from the aspect. This style is extra complex to make, and therefore greater steeply-priced than a closed string design, but is extensively considered more applicable.

6. New newels?

Newel posts are upright supports that anchor the handrails, treads, and strings of the staircase, forming a crucial part of its structure – so do not rip them out unless actually necessary. They come in a ramification of designs and might include a single post, known as an undeniable newer, or a shaped piece of wooden (a newel turning) attached to a separate base. If you are simplest revamping your stairs in preference to installing new ones, you would be sensible to preserve the existing posts and exchange the newel caps for a fresh appearance.

7. How many spindles?

Spindles, or balusters, are the vertical help that joins the handrail to relax the balustrade. As they’re this type of conspicuous characteristic, they can have a big effect on the appearance and experience, so provide your selection masses of an idea. You do not always ought to stick with simply one spindle style – try blending and matching designs for something a piece distinctive. Glass panels are also a splendid way of making a mild and ethereal sense. As a general rule of thumb, you want spindles per tread or one where there’s a newel post on a touchdown. Most stair manufacturers will be able to help you with a training session on how many spindles or panels are required.